The most popular use of waste packaging in China m

2022-07-23
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In recent years, with the rapid economic development, a large number of waste packaging has increased. According to statistics, the volume ratio of waste packaging to domestic waste in general households in Germany reaches 9:1

the rapid development of China's economy has also led to a large increase in the number of waste packaging in ordinary families. How to do a good job in the recycling of waste packaging has been put on the agenda of governments at all levels

recently, experts agreed that we must pay attention to the recycling of waste packaging and do a good job in recycling

according to experts, Finland has strictly managed commodity packaging and packaging reuse through formulating and improving relevant laws and regulations for many years. Therefore, in the markets all over Finland, there is not only no problem of excessive packaging of goods, but also manufacturers and stores attach great importance to the recycling and reuse of commodity packaging to reduce environmental pollution

Finland has strict management on the packaging of various commodities. In order to reduce the waste of packaging and environmental pollution, the relevant Finnish laws have made clear provisions on commodity packaging and the reuse of packaging

according to the relevant laws and regulations of Finland, Finnish manufacturers should limit the volume and weight of packaging to the minimum when packaging goods, but the product packaging must meet the safety and health standards and be acceptable to ordinary consumers; During the design and manufacture of commodity packaging, the recycling and reuse of packaging must be considered, and its adverse impact on the environment must be minimized; In the process of packaging, the packaging materials must contain as few harmful substances as possible, so that the packaging waste will not cause harm to the environment

in Finland, manufacturers produce commodity packaging in strict accordance with the law, and the packaging cost generally accounts for only 2% to 10% of the commodity value. Among them, the packaging cost of cosmetics and food is relatively high, but the average packaging cost is only about 5% of the product value

in addition to strict management of commodity packaging, Finland also attaches great importance to the recycling and reuse of commodity packaging to reduce the environmental pollution caused by packaging waste

in September, 2004, Finland amended the garbage law to reduce packaging garbage and improve the reuse rate of packaging waste. According to the new provisions of the garbage law, manufacturers with an annual turnover of more than 10million euros shall be responsible for the recycling of product packaging while providing products and commodities to the domestic market. In Finland, it is mainly through the environmental protection registration company of the packaging industry to collect the commodity packaging reuse fee from the manufacturers of packaging and the importers of packaged goods, and at the same time, use the collected fee for the recycling and reuse of packaging

Guminda, a paper industry expert, said that Germany attaches great importance to the recycling of waste packaging. In 1991, Germany began to implement the packaging regulations, which for the first time comprehensively stipulated the reuse and utilization ratio of waste packaging, and forced manufacturers and dealers to be responsible for the recycling and disposal of the flexible packaging configuration of their products. In August, 1998, based on practical experience, the regulations were supplemented and revised again

at present, the German government is starting to issue the third edition of the packaging regulations, which plans to impose a 25 Euro deposit on all disposable packaged beverages when the materials yield

nowadays, although the packaging regulations have been amended several times, the basic principles of the regulations have not changed. First, try to avoid the generation of packaging waste. Once the packaging waste cannot be avoided, give priority to reuse, especially the use of materials, and then consider the use of energy and harmless removal

in order to restrict the use of disposable packaging, from January 1, 2003, when buying carbonated beverages such as mineral water, beer, cola and lemon juice in disposable packaging in Germany, you must pay a bottle charge of 25 euro cents or 50 euro cents. After the customer returns the bottle, the merchant will return the deposit. In October this year, with the approval of the federal Senate, the German government proposed a new packaging regulation (Revised Draft), which plans to impose a 25 Euro sub charge on all disposable packaged beverages. In other words, the bottle charge will also be levied soon for the juice, milk, wine and other beverages that are currently packaged in one-time packaging

according to the provisions of the packaging regulations, manufacturers and distributors are obliged to recycle the packaging of goods sold to consumers free of charge, reuse or use materials, instead of being handled by the public sanitation department. If the merchant fulfills the recycling obligation, it must also submit a certificate on the utilization ratio. If the business hopes not to fulfill the recycling obligation by itself, it can recycle and reuse the waste packaging through a management organization called "German binary system"

in the "dual system", as long as the manufacturer and distributor sign a contract and pay different fees, they can get permission to mark the "green dot" sign promoted by the "German dual system" on their product packaging (composed of two arc arrows chasing each other from beginning to end, which means circular utilization)

with this sign, manufacturers and businesses will no longer have to consider the recycling of their product packaging, but will be handled by the "dual system". The agency has no packaging waste classification and utilization facilities. It has signed a contract with the waste packaging sorting and treatment company, which is responsible for collection, sorting and recycling. The packaging materials handled by the packaging sorting and processing company will re-enter the material cycle and become secondary raw materials or processed into recycled products

however, due to the minor failures of many materials testing machines, as additional packaging means additional recycling obligations and additional costs, German manufacturers and dealers pay more and more attention to simplifying and optimizing packaging, and even give up optional packaging. For example, because the use cost of the "green dot" sign is linked to the quantity, weight and materials of packaging products, many enterprises begin to simplify packaging and create conditions for the recycling and regeneration of packaging materials, so as to reduce costs and increase the price competitiveness of products

it is reported that since the promulgation of the regulations, the annual packaging consumption has been reduced by 1.4 million tons, and about 850000 tons have been reduced each year only through the sales packaging in the hands of individual consumers. This series of effective mechanisms have promoted the continuous improvement of the recycling rate of German packaging materials. In 2003, with the continuous development of our country, 5.99 million tons of German packaging materials were recycled, with a per capita of 72.6 kg

experts believe that the experience of recycling waste packaging abroad is worth learning from. We should pay attention to the use of laws and regulations and strictly manage waste packaging. In particular, the provisions that manufacturers and dealers have the obligation to recycle commodity packaging free of charge have prompted manufacturers to pay more and more attention to simplifying and optimizing commodity packaging

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